Diarrhea Home > Information on Cholera

Cholera is a disease caused by an infection in the intestines. The specific bacterium responsible for it is called Vibrio cholera. This disease is no longer a threat to people in the United States and other industrialized countries, but in parts of Latin America, Africa, and Asia where sanitation and water systems are not as advanced, cases of cholera still occur.
Once a person becomes infected with the cholera bacteria, symptoms generally appear within 24 to 48 hours. However, they don't always appear; a stool sample can help confirm the diagnosis if the disease is suspected. Treatment typically involves an antibacterial medication and fluid replacement therapy if severe diarrhea occurs.
(Click Cholera for more information, including how this disease is transmitted, possible symptoms, the usual prognosis, important statistics, and more.)
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Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
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