Diarrhea Channel
Topics & Medications
Related Channels

Diarrhea Causes

Viral Infections
By far, the most common cause of acute diarrhea is an infection with a virus. This is known as viral gastroenteritis or, more commonly, "the stomach flu."
Many types of viruses can cause diarrhea. Common types of stomach flu viruses include:
Other viral diarrhea causes include infections with one of the following:
Bacterial Infections
Several types of bacteria can cause acute diarrhea. These include:
  • Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) -- A common contaminant of processed meats and custard-filled pastries.
  • Clostridium perfringens -- A common contaminant in foods that have been warmed on steam tables.
  • Bacillus cereus -- A common contaminant of rice and bean sprouts.
  • Salmonella species -- A contaminant of eggs and poultry. Typhoid fever is an infection caused by the Salmonella typhi bacterium.
  • Shigella -- This bacterium is common in daycare settings and in rural villages in developing countries.
  • Escherichia coli (E. coli) -- Undercooked or raw hamburger has been implicated in many of the documented outbreaks of E. coli; however, outbreaks have also involved:
    • Alfalfa sprouts
    • Unpasteurized fruit juices
    • Dry-cured salami
    • Lettuce
    • Game meat
    • Cheese curds.
  • Campylobacter jejuni -- A contaminant of poultry. It is also found in household pets.
  • Vibrio parahaemolyticus -- An infection with this bacterium often results from eating raw seafood, especially oysters.
  • Vibrio cholerae -- An infection with this bacterium (commonly referred to as cholera) is common in developing countries and results from drinking contaminated water.

Diarrhea Information

Terms of Use
Advertise with Us
Contact Us
About eMedTV
Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2006-2019 Clinaero, Inc.
eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind. Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click Terms of Use for more information.